Areas of physiotherapy

Physiotherapy is a very diverse field, so the following article will show you how many areas a physiotherapist can cover

One of the most widely known areas of physiotherapy is orthopaedics. If you ask someone what a physiotherapist does, a lot of people will mention the treatment of scoliosis. This is correct, as postural correction is indeed a very important and prominent part of physiotherapy, but beyond this, and within the field of orthopaedics alone, there are countless other problems that physiotherapists can work on. While postural problems, such as scoliosis, or scoliosis of the spine, usually affect young children, the other major area of orthopaedics is prosthetic implantation, which affects older people. Most often, wear and tear develops in the hip and knee, which sooner or later requires joint replacement. Physiotherapy plays an important role both in the prevention of surgery and in the rehabilitation that follows.

Another well-known area of physiotherapy is post-injury physiotherapy. For trauma patients, physiotherapists encounter a wide range of fractures, cuts and burns. In addition to these, it also includes a large number of musculoskeletal operations, such as the replacement of a cruciate ligament following a knee injury or the rehabilitation of a muscle tear caused by a shoulder dislocation.

Pain in the back and cervical spine affects a large part of society and can be caused by inflammation, abrasions, autoimmune diseases, which are the subject of rheumatology.If these pains radiate to the lower or upper limbs, they can be considered as neurological disorders, since they are nerve problems.

Neurological disorders affecting the spinal cord or the brain are invariably associated with musculoskeletal complaints. Thus, the physiotherapist has a very important role to play, for example, in the rehabilitation of a patient diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease or even a stroke victim.

You might not think it, but the physiotherapist also plays a very important role for a patient who has had a heart attack, for example. Physical therapy starts in the intensive care unit and continues for the rest of the patient’s life. In the case of cardiological disorders (heart attack, heart surgery, heart failure), the main task is to condition the heart muscle by active exercise with constant monitoring of blood pressure and pulse.

In addition to the heart, physiotherapy also plays an important role in the condition of the lungs in the case of diseases affecting them (e.g. asthma, cystic fibrosis, COPD). In the case of pulmonological disorders, the main aim of physiotherapy is to remove and cough up the secretions in the lungs so that they do not accumulate in the lungs and thus become infected, causing pneumonia.

Physical gymnastics also plays an important role in the treatment of urological and gynaecological problems, known as intimate gymnastics, which is used to prevent and treat urinary disorders. There is also a special physiotherapy method that can be used successfully to treat the problem of the abdominal muscles, which often occurs after childbirth.

The source of our article is the online magazine, where you can read various interesting articles about health maintenance, healthy lifestyle and the causes of various diseases. In addition, there are many interesting articles about health and fitness.